These small plants were growing beneath western hemlocks on the west side of Rice Lake in North Vancouver. They look like saprophytes, and I'm leaning toward Vancouver groundcone, Boschniakia hookeri, which is a root parasite of salal (Gaultheria shallon). There were patches of salal a few metres away, where there was more light. But I can't find an image of Vancouver groundcone that resembles these. Image searches typically show plants that are larger and in flower. (And are more coney.) These were only a cm or two high. Does anyone know this plant?